Rural Advocates for Racial Equity (RARE)

Anti-Racist discussion & co-learning group for all people in the Central Sierra Gold-Country region of Northern California.

We are currently exploring Chapter 2 of Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria by Dr. Beverly Tatum.

To join the Rural Advocates for Racial Equity, contact or 209-256-8166.

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“Change is only a good thing if you change in a good way.” – Malcolm X

What is Rural Advocates for Racial Equity (“RARE”)
by Valeria Davidson

Rural Advocates are a group of people that live in areas that have low population density which is different than the typical urban advocacy demographic. Rural Advocates can have a powerful voice but generally have to strive harder to come together as a group due to the nature of the rural environment. Population segmentation and demographic distribution is often limited in rural areas.

Creating a voice about Racial Equity is a start in educating the population that may not be aware of such disparities in our culture. It will serve to break down the walls of separation between the different segments existing within our rural community. This is also an essential part of taking actions that will move us from entrenched inequality to a real and healthy Racial Equity.

The purpose of the Rural Advocates for Racial Equity is to enhance and enlarge our combined abilities to bring about healthy Racial Equity within our community and carry this change out into the larger world.

This group is facilitated by local, Racial Equity Advocates Meghan Joy O’Keefe, Dr. James Armstead Jr., and Dr. Betzaida Arroyo. If you have any questions or need more information, please email Meghan at

Black History Bootcamp
Scaffolded Anti-Racism Resources
Anti-Racism Project Resources
Harvard’s Project Implicit


Betzaida Arroyo (Betz) holds Doctor of Organizational Management degree from the University of Phoenix, a Master of Business Administration, with a Human Resources concentration from Western New England College. A Bachelor of Administration in Human Resources from St. Leo College. Her academic and professional interests are in the areas of diversity, inclusion, equity, and access; corporate culture and ethics; organizational behavior and leadership. She is an Air Force veteran.

Betz has over 17 years of experience in the health-care industry working in the areas of Finance and Contracts and Program Integrity. For the past 12 years, Betz has focused on identifying fraud, waste, and abuse cases within Medi-Cal (Medicaid) as Program Integrity Operations Manager. She currently works for Optum, a United Health Care company, where she is supported by a team of Program Integrity Analysts and Data Scientists.

She volunteers at AmadorArts where she helps lead the IDEA Committee (Inclusion, Diversity, Equity and Access) and sits on the  Board of the Amador Senior Center. She has also served on the board of Victory Village and is a member of the local American Legion.

Dr. James Armstead, Jr.
Dr. J. Holmes Armstead Jr. is a retired professor of Strategy and International law from the US Naval War College. He has taught international law, strategy and national security policy for nearly 50 years. Professor Armstead has served on faculties at Stanford University, Pepperdine University, the University of California, the University of Nevada, Southern University the US Naval Postgraduate School, Lewis University, the Virginia Military Institute and Washington and Lee University. He has also lectured at the British Joint Services Staff College and taught as a visiting professor at the Universite d’ Pau in France and as an exchange professor at Richmond College at the University of London. He has lectured at senior staff colleges in Poland, Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Estonia and well as the US Army War College, and at military academies in the United States, Poland, Ukraine and South Africa.. Jim has served as a research associate at the RAND Corp which sponsored his dissertation “Lightweight Power Projection” and has been Chief of Staff to a Member of Congress. Working for the Department of Defense he served on negotiation teams enlarging NATO with the accession of Poland, Hungary, Montenegro, Slovenia, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Albania, Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. Jim has assisted in drafting constitutional reforms in Montenegro, South Africa, Poland, the Congo, and Estonia and has served Of Counsel to the American Bar Association Office of Human Rights and served legal adviser to the US – Canadian Acid Rain Treaty negotiations.

Dr Armstead received his undergraduate education at the University of Illinois in history and anthropology and was graduated in 1968, received his 1975 from DePaul University, returned to the University of Illinois where he undertook graduate studies in public policy and economics and was awarded a Ph.D. in public policy analysis from Pacific Western University In 1981. Dr. Armstead also holds a advanced certificate in International Law from the Instituto Superiori Internationale Criminali Science in Siracusa, Italy and is the recipient of 3 honorary doctorates. During his career he served in the United Nations Secretariat where he was the English language editor of the Treaty of Rome which created the International Criminal Court at the Hague and has served on missions with the Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)  as an international election observer in Belarus, the Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Jim served as an Armor, JAG, Inspector General and Civil Affairs Officer in the United States Army, the US Army Reserves and National Guard in staff and command assignments from battalion to corps level eventually serving in the Pentagon as a special assistant to the Secretary of the Army. Professor Armstead resides in the Sierra Nevada mountains of northern California and continues to write and lecture.

Since early 2018, AmadorArts Executive Director, Meghan Joy “mojo” O’Keefe has served on the steering committee for a national network called “White Advocates for Racial Equity” (AKA “WARE”) with the National Guild for Community Arts Education. This committee is made up of arts education leaders from all over the USA who meet virtually at least once per month to explore, investigate, and interrogate what it means to be White and how White people can dismantle systems of racism embedded in our communities. O’Keefe is excited to collaborate with Davidson and Dr. Armstead to sustain this work in Amador County. To learn about WARE and the National Guild for Community Arts Education, click HERE


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